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Transportation, the movement of humans, animals and goods from place to place and the various means by which such movement is accomplished. The growth of the ability—and need—to transport large quantities of goods or numbers of people over long distances at high speeds in comfort and safety has been an index of civilization and in particular of technological progress.
Mode of Transport
Transport is important because it enables trade between people, which is essential for the development of civilizations. Transport modes are the means by which passengers and goods achieve mobility. They are mobile transport assets and fall into one of three basic categories, depending on over what surface they travel; Land (Road, Rail and Pipelines), Water (Shipping), and AIR. Each mode is characterized by a set of technical, operational and commercial characteristics.
Transport infrastructure consists of the fixed installations including roads, railways, airways, waterways, canals and pipelines and terminals such as airports, railway stations, bus stations, warehouses, trucking terminals, refueling depots (including fueling docks and fuel stations) and seaports. Terminals may be used both for interchange of passengers and cargo and for maintenance.
Vehicles traveling on these networks may include automobiles, bicycles, buses, trucks, trains, helicopters, watercraft, spacecraft and aircraft.